cam may be beneficial for alleviating cancer pain, but the evidence levels were found to be low or moderate. only systematic reviews or meta-analyses of cam on adult cancer pain were included. if there were several systematic reviews that evaluated the same interventions on adult cancer pain, we included the one that included most primary studies. the total score for all systematic reviews ranges from 20 to 34 and all were of low or moderate quality. the fifth systematic review  pooled the data and showed no benefits of massage on pain for breast cancer patients based on four different rcts [57–60].
two systematic reviews [42, 45] assessed the effects of psychosocial interventions on pain for breast cancer patients. it was reported that the use of cam among cancer patients is widespread and appears to be increasing . although more and more cancer patients turned to cam to cure their disease, the evidence levels for the benefits of cam on cancer pain were not satisfied. second, the critical problem for these primary rcts of cam on adult cancer pain was of low quality and of small sample size. the methodological quality for primary studies was not high and the evidence levels for these interventions were low or moderate, so firm conclusions could not be drawn.
this paper reviews complementary and alternative therapy approaches for cancer pain and its impact in improving the qol of cancer patients. [7,8,9] the mis-belief of health professionals and patients that pain is an in-separable part of the human suffering is widespread and that cancer pain is unavoidable is very common. the present study aimed to conduct a review of evidence in support of cam therapies in cancer pain.  however, research is needed to provide evidence that acupuncture is effective for cancer pain, and the feasibility, practicality, safety of patients and reliability of acupuncturist administering acupuncture themselves must also be taken into account. it was difficult to interpret the results of reported trials due to conflicting results, variation in methodology and use of non-validated symptom scores. it is stated in the literature that reflexology is used especially for reducing end stage cancer pain and side effects of chemotherapy and to increase living quality. therefore, at present a lot of studies are providing preliminary support for the feasibility and efficacy of yoga interventions and mindfulness based stress reduction for cancer patients but evidence for contribution of yoga in relieving cancer pain remains scant.
further studies, systematic reviews and meta-analysis are required to comment on effects of yoga in cancer pain. nash et al., report that a yearlong intervention of hypnosis was effective in reducing pain and suffering among women with metastatic breast cancer as compared to control group. surveys carried out in the uk showed that 40.6% of cancer patients were using it. [61,62] a meta-analysis by cepeda et al., shows that music therapy was best for short term pain after surgery and a new practice called music thenatology is being tried as an end of life care measure in homes and hospices to ease the last days of a person. spiritual beliefs and beliefs about the meaning of life are often overlooked in cbt, but can be critical when cancer pain is persistent.  it has also been found that self hypnosis is one of the techniques that may provide relief in cancer pain, and that relaxation and imagery could help with the pain of mouth sores caused by chemotherapy.  a systematic review and metanalysis which aimed to quantify the benefit of patient based education intervention in management of cancer pain reported equivocal evidence for the effect of education in self efficacy, but no significant benefit on medication adherence or on reducing interference with daily activities. to summarize, qol of a cancer patient can be effectively improved with the combination of pharmacological and non pharmacological therapies.
studies showed that lycopene, qigong, cupping, cannabis, homeopathy (traumeel), creative arts therapies, and reiki might have beneficial effects non pharmacological therapies in cancer pain management peripheral therapies acupuncture massage reflexology yoga taichi hypnotherapy aromatherapy. types of therapies used in complementary and alternative medicine (cam) in cancer care, such as mind-body methods like meditation and yoga,, complementary and alternative medicine for cancer pain: an overview of systematic reviews, why patients use alternative medicine, why patients use alternative medicine, alternative medicine examples, what are the 5 major types of complementary and alternative medicine.
examples of cam therapies are acupuncture, chiropractic, and herbal medicines. people with cancer may use cam to: help cope with the side some people with cancer may consider using “complementary therapy” in addition to standard cancer treatment. complementary therapies are used to:. some complementary methods have been studied and shown to help people feel better while they’re undergoing standard cancer treatment under a, complementary vs alternative medicine, risks and benefits of complementary and alternative medicine, complementary and alternative medicine journal, complementary and alternative medicine pdf, alternatives to chemotherapy for cancer, alternative to chemotherapy for breast cancer, latest cancer cure news, holistic alternative to chemotherapy, doctor of alternative medicine, alternatives to chemotherapy for colon cancer.
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